Centenary State Historic Site is the location of a Victorian era college. Built in 1826, the College of Louisiana merged into Centenary College in the 1840s. The site focuses on the history of early education in the United States as well as the Civil War, as it was as a Confederate hospital and Union recruiting/training center for freed slaves. It was also the location of the Battle of Jackson in which Confederate cavalry ambushed Corps D'Afrique troops on August 3, 1863.
The Civil War had a profound effect on Centenary College, as it did on most Southern colleges. The school closed for the duration of the war, and its buildings were used by both Confederate and Union troops. The dormitories became hospital space in October 1862 and during the Siege of Port Hudson in 1863, Union troops used the Main Academic Building as an area headquarters.
In 1908, the College moved to Shreveport, where it remains today. The Main Academic Building and the East Wing dormitory were demolished in the 1930s. The West Wing and a professor's house still stand.